If you are the parent of a little one who has been or is bottle-fed then you likely know the struggle of attempting to keep baby bottles looking clear, clean and like new. No matter how much you soak the bottles or scrub them, the cloudiness and discoloration just seem to linger and worsen over time. You may even begin to consider throwing away the bottles just to purchase a new set that will likely face the same battle.
Plastic and silicone baby bottles face discoloration over time as a natural result of use and exposure to the fat in formula or breast milk. Similarly, dishwasher sterilization and exposure to fruit juices may leave your little one’s bottles with more severe stains. Special cleaning can help remove the yellow color and restore them to like-new condition.
What are some of the most common causes of bottle discoloration? How do you find out what materials your baby’s bottles are made from? What options of cleaning bottles should be avoided or more frequently used to solve or prevent discoloration? Let’s explore this topic further to answer these and any other questions you may have.
Why do baby bottles go cloudy or turn yellow?
Plastics, like most materials, will become worn or stressed over time and there are quite a few different reasons our baby’s bottles may become cloudy or yellow.
Breast milk and formula both contain varying levels of fat. Even after being rinsed with water or washed (but not scrubbed) bottles with leftover milk or formula residue inside of them will become greasy and slightly cloudy. If you’ve ever rubbed your finger along the inside of a bottle, you may have noticed the greasy substance that is left on your finger. This is because fat is a compound that easily sticks to other surfaces and can easily get stuck in any cracks or material imperfections. Bottles may appear smooth, however, they are covered in imperfections that will trap the fat and cause the plastic to become cloudy in appearance after prolonged buildup.
Similarly, many of us use bottle brushes that are abrasive when we are cleaning baby bottles. As we use abrasive brushes we are damaging the integrity of the plastic and causing visible damage that can change the appearance overtime and lend to cloudiness for the reasons we explored above. If you feel best about using a bottle brush but want to cut down on the damage you may be causing, Boon makes a silicone bottle brush that will not scratch your little one’s bottles and will help avoid this cause of discoloration. You can check it out here (and read the reviews as well!).
While some of us may believe that the hotter we can make the water that we clean our baby’s bottle in, the better off our baby will be, this habit may actually be damaging the bottles we give our babies. Plastics, like all materials, will have a change in structure when warmed up or cooled down and these changes in structure can make the materials more likely to change in appearance or weaken the strength of the material altogether (think about when plastic water bottles crack in the freezer). Similarly, if we use harsh dish soaps containing dangerous chemicals, we may begin breaking down the structure of the baby bottles, which can lead to cracks and chips and eventual discoloration.
Another possible cause that I found as I searched through some parenting forums is cleaning baby bottles in the dishwasher. While the dishwasher is a great option for sterilizing bottles, if we are putting the bottles and nipples in with other items that have had contact with food, the food remnants may cause discoloration. Similar to how tomato sauce can ruin Tupperware, washing bottles in the dishwasher with these foods can cause the same discoloration, which is why your bottles may be turning slightly yellow or orange after being washed!
Some other possible causes that were found through searching included: juice being put inside bottles, dish soaps with color additives, general dishwasher use, hard water or calcium build ups.
When should you throw away baby bottles?
While we may be inclined to throw away our baby’s bottles if they are cloudy or discolored, it is not necessary to throw bottles away for this reason. By attempting to wash the bottles we may be able to remove any stains, discoloration, or odors that are lingering in the bottles following prolonged use.
However, if your little one’s bottles are cracked, chipped, or no longer maintain their physical integrity this can cause a safety risk to your baby and these bottles should be thrown away.
I just looked at why baby bottles leak in a recent article. Sometimes your bottles will start to leak when it is time to replace all or part of the bottle!
How do you get yellow stains out of baby bottles?
If you notice yellow or deeper colored stains on your baby’s bottles there is likely a simple explanation. Fruit juices are known to discolor bottles more often than breast milk or formula. If your baby isn’t drinking any juice yet their bottle is still appearing yellow-consider how you have cleaned or sterilized the bottle.
Did you place the bottle in the dishwasher? If so, this is likely the cause of the discoloration and some simple hand washing with or soaking in either baking soda or vinegar solutions should solve this problem!
Do I have to wash bottles after every use?
It is recommended that baby bottles be washed after every use in order to remove all milk or formula from the bottle. Most websites recommend using hot soapy water, however, there are more natural alternatives to dish soap that we will explore below.
Cleaning baby bottles after every use (regardless of what was in the bottle) will not only help keep our little ones healthy and safe from exposure to bacteria, it will also help keep the bottles from becoming discolored.
Soaking baby bottles in vinegar
As parents who are looking to use natural products with and for our families, we are likely familiar with using vinegar as a cleaning agent. Thankfully, it can be used for cleaning baby bottles and is actually highly recommended for treating discoloration in bottles.
To clean using vinegar combine one part white vinegar to one part water to create a 50-50 mixture. As noted on ChemistDirect, be sure to thoroughly rinse the bottles after cleaning as vinegar can curdle formula and milk if it is not fully removed from the bottle.
This approach seems to have the best luck for cloudiness and slight discoloration. Vinegar may not be strong enough to remove harsh stains in bottles.
How to clean baby bottles with baking soda
If your baby’s bottle is discolored with harsh stains (most often caused by fruit juices-which should never be given to our little ones via a bottle) or contains a strong, lingering odor then baking soda may be your best option for cleaning. Recommended on many websites and even by varying bottle companies, baking soda has proven effective for removing hard stains and foul odors.
To clean with baking soda, simply add one teaspoon of baking soda to a bottle that is filled with warm water. Let this bottle sit overnight and then wash and scrub the bottle in the morning.
Is it okay to wash baby bottles with dish soap?
While not a natural approach to cleaning baby bottles, mild dish soap can be used to clean dirty baby bottles. If you are choosing to use soap to wash the bottles for your little one be sure to avoid the following chemicals: sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium Laureth sulfate.
Both of these chemicals are classified as likely carcinogens and can cause health problems with prolonged exposure. Similarly, fragrances, dyes, and varying other chemicals and additives should be avoided due to the potentially harmful and toxic nature of these substances.
If you are hoping to use dish soap, some of the best natural options for cleaning your little one’s bottles include DAPPLE, Elysium, and Puracy. Each of these premium products include non-toxic ingredients that are often derived naturally from plants. I haven’t personally used all three, but they are all extremely well-reviewed and users claim that they clean just as well as the more chemical-filled soaps.
Can you bleach baby bottles?
While the CDC notes that you can use bleach to sanitize baby bottles, they do list it as their last resort (it is technically a safe option, however not a natural option for those of us seeking natural parenting resources). They recommend using 2 teaspoons per 1 gallon of water. They note that you should let the bottles air dry after sanitizing them so that the bleach breaks down. This is recommended only if you cannot boil, steam or put your baby bottles in the dishwasher to sanitize them.
Some brands of bottles may have recommendations for their specific products on their website that may help preserve the bottles you have purchased. This means your little one’s bottles will no longer just be safe for use but will continue to look clean and new for an extended period of time. Let’s take a look at some of those brands now.
Dr. Brown bottles turning yellow?
Dr. Brown’s bottles are one of the most commonly used plastic bottles that many parents choose to use. Their bottles are made from Polypropylene. When visiting their web page, you can find questions about the bottles becoming discolored and recommendations for cleaning the bottles. They note that if the bottles are becoming cloudy or discolored that you should wash them in a 50-50 mixture of white vinegar and water.
Once they have been washed any discoloration and lingering odors should be gone.
Comotomo bottles turned yellow?
Comotomo bottles are one of the most popular and newer bottles available in stores. Unlike most bottles, Comotomo bottles are made of silicone instead of hard plastic. Unfortunately, like hard plastic bottles, even Comotomo products are at risk for discoloration.
Thankfully, Comotomo acknowledges this on their website to help out the parents who may be using their products. They note that discoloration is natural and will happen over time and with heavy use. However, they recommend weekly sterilization via boiling water to prevent discoloration and to preserve the bottles.
Spectra bottle turning yellow?
Spectra is one of the few brands that does not usually sell their bottles apart from their pump systems. While the bottles may be found on amazon, Spectra does not sell these in stores or with varying stages of nipples as they are to be used mainly with their pumping system.
Their website does not list the materials used to create their bottles, however, they do specifically note that microwaving their bottles and pump supplies will cause cloudiness due to a cosmetic issue. They note that this issue is not harmful and that the bottles can continue to be used.
Avent bottles have a yellow tint?
Those of us who have used Avent bottles or seen them in the store, know that this is one of the few companies that makes easily available natural glass bottles in addition to their plastic options. The glass bottles should not become discolored and are a great natural parenting option.
However, if you have been using the plastic bottles and are having trouble with yellow tints and discoloration it is likely occurring as a result of the plastics they use (either polypropylene or polyamide) and their exposure to wear and tear (They note that one of their bottles has a naturally milky hue which is likely causing some of us parents to be confused as to whether the bottles are clean or becoming discolored). Or as they note on their website, the discoloration may come as a result of being washed in the dishwasher.
They do not have recommendations for resolving this issue, however, it can likely be addressed by either the vinegar or baking soda-based washing techniques we discussed earlier.